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Proposed Environmental Reserve Bylaw

Post Date:09/25/2019 9:00 AM

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Lac La Biche County has drafted a proposed Environmental Reserve Bylaw, to address encroachments, to supplement existing policy and to help protect our shorelines and water bodies.

Click here to read the proposed bylaw.

Click here to read a version of the proposed bylaw with comments added for context and clarity.

Lac La Biche County would like to thank all residents who have participated in our public engagement process. County Administration has compiled and summarized all of the input that we have received, and used it to put together a "What We Heard" report. Click here to read the report.

If you provided your email address to us at either of the open houses we held earlier this summer, we will share a copy of the "What We Heard" report with you.

Afterward, Council may choose to make changes to the proposed bylaw, ask Administration to submit it for first reading, seek further public input, or take another course of action before proceeding.

Click here to read background information about the proposed bylaw and how the public engagement process started.

Click here for the answers to some frequently asked questions about the proposed bylaw.

What are environmental reserves?

When land is subdivided, Lac La Biche County may require a portion of it to be set aside as a municipal reserve or an environmental reserve. These lands are then owned by the County, and activities taking place on them are regulated by municipal and provincial legislation. This is in accordance with Alberta's Municipal Government Act.

Simply put, the point of an environmental reserve is to protect a nearby riparian area. As such, building on or changing the landscape of an environmental reserve is not permitted. It is every landowner’s responsibility to be aware of rules and regulations (federal, provincial and municipal) that affect their property. Know where municipal reserves and environmental reserves are in relation to your property and make sure you understand what is and is not allowed on these lands.

Existing policies and legislation related to environmental reserves:
Section C1.13 of Lac La Biche County's Land Use Bylaw (adopted by Council in 2017)
Lac La Biche County's Environmental Reserve Encroachment Policy (adopted by Council in 2010)
Lac La Biche County's Environmental Reserve and Municipal Reserve Demarcation Policy (adopted by Council in 2010)
Municipal Government Act (Section 664 speaks to environmental reserves and the municipality's authority to establish them, and Section 671 speaks to how reserve lands are to be managed)

In addition to the above listed documents and guidelines, an enforceable bylaw is needed to set clear rules for educating residents, encouraging compliance and addressing encroachments.

developingonlandEnvironmental reserves are designed to protect riparian areas. What are riparian areas?

Riparian areas are where land and water meet. These are areas bordering lakes, ponds, rivers, streams and wetlands. Although they only represent a small part of Lac La Biche County’s landscape, they have a large impact on the environment.

When they are healthy and left in their natural state, riparian areas protect water quality and wildlife, control erosion and flooding, and more. Lac La Biche County’s Environmental Reserve Encroachment Policy, Land Use Bylaw and provincial regulations all contain guidelines for preserving these sensitive areas.

What do riparian areas have to do with me?

Lac La Biche County contains hundreds of water bodies. Protecting them is an important goal for our community because they are the source of our drinking water, home to many species of plants and animals, and a venue for countless recreational activities.

Residents who own waterfront property have a responsibility to maintain and protect natural shorelines. Many landowners may wish to make changes to the shoreline, like clearing vegetation or building retaining walls, but these activities have a negative impact on the environment.

Did you know:

  • Riparian areas provide food sources and critical habitat for birds, fish, shoreline plants and other wildlife. As much as 80 percent of Alberta’s wildlife needs riparian areas in some way to survive.
  • A healthy riparian area with plenty of native vegetation can strengthen the shoreline, preventing erosion and mitigating flooding. It can also hold back sand and soil, which helps to keep the water clean and clear.
  • Riparian areas play an important role in “filtering” what goes into nearby water bodies. Without healthy riparian areas, runoff has a much greater chance of carrying nutrients like fertilizers or septic waste into the water. This contributes to blue-green algae blooms during the summer months.

For more information about riparian areas and their value to the environment, please call our Environmental Services department at (780) 623-6739.

For more information about environmental reserves and the proposed Environmental Reserve Bylaw, please call our Planning & Development department at (780) 623-1747.